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Chapter 13 bankruptcy in Connecticut: Understanding the basics

Sometimes, even people in Connecticut who have steady incomes may struggle with overwhelming debt. Filing for Chapter 13 bankruptcy may help those in such situations to regain control of their finances, without giving up property they might otherwise have lost. In order to know if this is the right option for them and what to expect from the process, it is helpful for people to have an understanding of the basics of Chapter 13 bankruptcy.

Eligibility requirements

Chapter 13 bankruptcy protection is not available to everyone who is in debt. To qualify, people cannot have secured debts in excess of $1,149,525 or more than $383,175 in unsecured debts. Except when approved by the court in emergency situations, people must complete credit counseling with an approved agency within 180 days before filing. People cannot file for Chapter 13 bankruptcy if they have had a prior filing dismissed within the 180 preceding days because they willfully did not comply with a court order or neglected to appear in court.

Repayment plan

Within 14 days of filing a Chapter 13 petition, people must submit a debt repayment plan. In this type of bankruptcy proceeding, filers are required to contribute all of their disposable income as regular installments to their creditors over a three-year or five-year period. Such plans must account for the payment of all their priority claims in full. If they want to retain the collateral used for any of their secured debts, they must pay at least the collateral’s value through the Chapter 13 repayment plan. Chapter 13 filers may continue making their regular payments on debts, such as their mortgage or a car loan, provided they make up any past due amount through their repayment plans.

341 meeting

Between 21 and 50 days after filing a petition for Chapter 13 bankruptcy, the 341 meeting is held. More commonly referred to as the meeting of the creditors, those to whom the filers owe debts may choose to attend this proceeding. Attendance at the meeting of the creditors is mandatory for those seeking bankruptcy protection, who are placed under oath by the bankruptcy trustees. During the meeting, the creditors are permitted to ask questions about people’s income, expenses or repayment plans. Those involved may address and attempt to resolve any issues with the repayment plan during the 341 meeting.

Debt discharge

Once the necessary debts are paid off through people’s Chapter 13 plans, certain remaining debts may be discharged. Through the Chapter 13 discharge, people may be relieved of their responsibility for most of their unsecured debts and other short-term financial obligations. Mortgages, alimony or child support debts, specific taxes and other particular long-term financial responsibilities cannot be discharged.

Seeking legal guidance

Dealing with debt and navigating their legal options may be challenging for people in Connecticut. As such, those who are struggling financially may find it beneficial to consult with a lawyer. An attorney may help them understand their rights and options, as well as guide them through the filing process.